This is the last post of Nietzsche’s philosophy, where we will explore the meaning behind his final teaching, the Overman.
Zarathustra, who is standing in front of a crowd, begins speaking. “I teach you the overman! Man is something that shall be overcome.”
“What is the ape to man? A laughingstock or a painful embarrassment. And man shall be that to overman: a laughingstock or painful embarrassment. You have made your way from worm to man, and much in you is still worm. Once you were apes, and even now, too, man is more ape than any ape… The overman is the meaning of the earth.”
“Man is a rope, tied between beast and overman – a rope over an abyss. What is great in man is that he is a bridge and not an end.”
The crowd look at him, and then they begin laughing. They think he is some sort of street performer.
Nietzsche created the concept of the Overman, whose antithesis is the Last Man, a mediocre animal without dignity and comfortably surrounded by the herd, who despises everything the overman has to say, the man who is master of himself. But to master oneself is the hardest of all tasks, that which requires the greatest increase in power, and if happiness is the feeling that power increases, that a resistance is overcome, the overman will be the happiest man and, as such, the meaning and justification of existence.
It is the pinnacle of self-overcoming, to rise above the human norm and above all difficulties, embracing whatever life throws at you.
“For believe me! – the secret of harvesting from existence the greatest fruitfulness and the greatest enjoyment is to live dangerously!”
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Greatest Philosophers In History | Friedrich Nietzsche
Nietzsche’s main concepts on living life revolve around self-overcoming, amor fati, perspectivism, human nobility, the will to power, the eternal recurrence, and the overman.