The Underground Man – Fyodor Dostoevsky’s Warning to the World  

Russian novelist Fyodor Dostoevsky wrote Notes from Underground in 1864 which is considered to be one of the first existentialist works, emphasising the importance of freedom, responsibility and individuality. It is an extraordinary piece of literature, social critique and satire of the Russian nihilist movement as well as a novel with deep psychological insights onContinue reading “The Underground Man – Fyodor Dostoevsky’s Warning to the World  “

Nihilism – Friedrich Nietzsche’s Warning to The World

“What I relate is the history of the next two centuries. I describe what is coming, what can no longer come differently: the advent of nihilism… For some time now, our whole European culture has been moving as toward a catastrophe, with a tortured tension that is growing from decade to decade: restlessly, violently, headlong,Continue reading “Nihilism – Friedrich Nietzsche’s Warning to The World”

KIERKEGAARD: The Knight of Faith

The knight of faith is one of Kierkegaard’s most important concepts, which he discusses in Fear and Trembling in the “Preamble from the Heart”, written under the pseudonym Johannes de silentio. There are three spheres of existence in Kierkegaard’s philosophy: the aesthetic, the ethical and the religious. In Fear and Trembling he analyses the contradictionsContinue reading “KIERKEGAARD: The Knight of Faith”

What is the Meaning of Suffering? – Philosophy & Psychology

“The fact that there was no answer to the question he screamed, “Why do I suffer?” Man, the bravest animal and most prone to suffer, does not deny suffering as such: he wills it, he even seeks it out, provided he is shown a meaning for it, a purpose of suffering. The meaninglessness of suffering,Continue reading “What is the Meaning of Suffering? – Philosophy & Psychology”

KIERKEGAARD: How To Avoid Boredom and Maximise Happiness

Most of us strive for happiness in life, whether it be by seeking it directly through pleasures or by seeking it indirectly doing one’s duty, or a combination of both. In the first part of Either/Or, containing the papers of an anonymous aesthete, Danish philosopher Søren Kierkegaard dedicates a chapter on the problem of boredomContinue reading “KIERKEGAARD: How To Avoid Boredom and Maximise Happiness”

NIETZSCHE: Living in Solitude and Dealing with Society

“Choose the good solitude, the free, high-spirited, light-hearted solitude that, in some sense, gives you the right to stay good yourself!” Beyond Good and Evil, §25 Nietzsche’s life was one of solitude, his later period in life was spent almost in complete isolation. At the age of 24, he was offered to become a professorContinue reading “NIETZSCHE: Living in Solitude and Dealing with Society”

NIETZSCHE: The Ăśbermensch (Overman)

In Nietzsche’s Thus Spoke Zarathustra, there are three major teachings that the sage Zarathustra has to offer: the will to power, the eternal recurrence and the ĂĽbermensch. We have explored the ideas of the will to power and the eternal recurrence in-depth in previous posts. Now we will be doing the same here with theContinue reading “NIETZSCHE: The Ăśbermensch (Overman)”

Book Review: The Present Age – Søren Kierkegaard

“There is no more action or decision in our day than there is perilous delight in swimming in shallow waters.” In “The Present Age”, Søren Kierkegaard discusses the philosophical implications of a society dominated by mass media, foreseeing the rise of twenty-four hour news and social media, it examines the philosophical implications of a cultureContinue reading “Book Review: The Present Age – Søren Kierkegaard”

Book Review: Human, All Too Human – Nietzsche

Introduction Human, All Too Human: A Book for Free Spirits was published by Friedrich Nietzsche in 1878 and represents a “monument of a crisis” for Nietzsche, a critical turning point in his life and thought. His long friendship with Richard Wagner had come to a halt. Moreover, Nietzsche’s bad health forced him to leave hisContinue reading “Book Review: Human, All Too Human – Nietzsche”

Book Review: Either/Or – Søren Kierkegaard

Either/Or: A Fragment of Life was published by Søren Kierkegaard in 1843, making it his first major work. The book was written under the pseudonym Victor Eremita “Victorious Hermit”. In the preface, Victor Eremita tells us that he has found two papers in an old desk. They express the viewpoints of two distinct figures withContinue reading “Book Review: Either/Or – Søren Kierkegaard”